Top 5 Problems during Pregnancy
Despite taking all the precautions during pregnancy, some women may experience certain complications such as:
Constipation is common during the latter half of pregnancy. Hormonal changes in pregnancy tend to increase the relaxation of gastrointestinal muscles. The pressure of the developing fetus on the digestive tract may make elimination difficult at times. Limited activity and exercise, insufficient fluid intake and an insufficient bulk of the diet (due to intake of highly concentrated foods) can also be other causes. A liberal intake of fluids, the use of natural laxative foods, such as whole grain cereals, husked pulses, fibrous vegetables and fruits is, therefore, important.
In addition, regular habits of sleep, rest, work and recreation are important in relieving constipation.
Heart Burn or Gastric Pressure:
Sometimes pregnant women complain about feeling of fullnessť or heartburn. Such complaints or discomforts are generally felt after meals. These are usually due to pressure of the enlarging uterus crowding the stomach, thereby causing a difficulty after eating. Food mixtures may sometimes be pushed back into the lower esophagus, causing a burning sensation due to gastric acid mixing up with the food mass. Evidently this complaint has nothing to do with the heart itself. This feeling is only due to closeness of lower esophagus to the heart. Since, the feeling of fullness comes from general gastric pressure; lack of space or gas formation, the symptoms can be avoided by taking small frequent meals. The woman may also be advised to wear loose fitting clothes.
Nausea and Vomiting:
Generally, it is mild, is limited to early pregnancy and is commonly called a morning sickness as it tends to occur early in the day, but it can actually occur at any time of the day. At least 50% of all the pregnant women, most of them in their first pregnancy, experience this condition. This starts during the fifth or sixth week of pregnancy and usually lasts only till the fourteenth to sixteenth week. There may be a number of contributory factors to beginning with a physiological cause such as the production of excessive hormones during early pregnancy. This disturbs the physiological and biochemical balances which lead to gastro- intestinal disturbances. The result is a loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Other factors may be psychological, for example tensions or anxieties concerning the pregnancy. Poor food habits can be another causative factor.
Mild morning sickness can usually be overcome by the use of high carbohydrate foods like biscuits, toast early in the morning. Small frequent meals are better than large ones. Fatty and rich foods, highly seasoned and flavored foods may be restricted if nausea continues. In case of severe, persistent vomiting, some additional factors may be responsible and in such cases it is better to consult a gynecologist. Stress must be laid on the correction of dehydration, ketosis and electrolyte imbalance at such times. Ample amounts of fluids, carbohydrates and water soluble vitamins should also be given.